Fatwa: # 17202
Category: Marriage
Country: South Africa
Date: 16th October 2008


I would just like to know whether whilst gaining the consent of his daughter, a wali needs to have two witnesses present and whether they must actually HEAR the consent given...


I would just like to know whether whilst gaining the consent of his daughter, a wali needs to have two witnesses present and whether they must actually HEAR the consent given because when a father went to the Imam of a Masjid who was performing the nikah, the Imam addressed the two witnesses and asked whether they had heard the daughter give her consent. As they had not heard the daughter give consent but had taken the fathers word and were also aware through their families that the daughter was in agreement, they answered yes despite not being present when the consent was given. Please reply informing us whether this nikah is valid


In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatoh

If the daughter is not yet baligha (physically matured), the father will have the right to marry her without her consent.

If the daughter is baligha and the father states that the daughter agrees with this marriage, then too the marriage will be valid. It is not necessary for the witnesses to hear her giving the consent.

In fact, if the daughter is a baligha and a virgin, her verbal consent is not necessary. Her remaining quiet and not objecting to the marriage will be considered as her acceptance.

However, due to the current situation in many countries where the father marries off the daughter without her consent and where she is forced into the marriage, as a precaution two people should be made witness to the consent of the daughter.  This will also prevent any disputes afterwards if the daughter claims she never gave her consent.

Nevertheless, the marriage in question is valid and does not have to be repeated.


( وللولي ) الآتي بيانه ( إنكاح الصغير والصغيرة ) جبرا ( ولو ثيبا ) كمعتوه ومجنون شهرا ( ولزم النكاح ولو بغبن فاحش ) بنقص مهرها وزيادة مهره ( أو ) زوجها ( بغير كفء إن كان الولي ) المزوج بنفسه بغبن ( أبا أو جدا ) وكذا المولى وابن المجنونة ( لم يعرف منهما سوء الاختيار ) مجانة وفسقا ( وإن عرف لا ) يصح النكاح اتفاقا

الدر المخار على هامش رد المحتار (3/65) مصطفى البابي الحلبي


( ولا تجبر البالغة البكر على النكاح ) لانقطاع الولاية بالبلوغ ( فإن استأذنها هو ) أي الولي وهو السنة ( أو وكيله أو رسوله أو زوجها ) وليها وأخبرها رسوله أو الفضولي عدل ( فسكتت ) عن رده مختارة ( أو ضحكت غير مستهزئة أو تبسمت أو بكت بلا صوت ) فلو بصوت لم يكن إذنا ولا ردا حتى لو رضيت بعده انعقد سراج وغيره ، فما في الوقاية والملتقى فيه نظر ( فهو إذن )

الدر المخار على هامش رد المحتار (3/59) مصطفى البابي الحلبي


واعلم أنه لا تشترط الشهادة على الوكالة بالنكاح بل على عقد الوكيل ، وإنما ينبغي أن يشهد على الوكالة إذا خيف جحد الموكل إياها فتح

رد المحتار (3/95) مصطفى البابي الحلبي

And Allah knows best


Ml. Ehzaz Ajmeri,
Student Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Iftaa

DISCLAIMER - AskImam.org questions
AskImam.org answers issues pertaining to Shar'ah. Thereafter, these questions and answers are placed for public view on www.askimam.org for educational purposes. However, many of these answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation or another environment. Askimam.org bears no responsibility with regards to these questions being used out of their intended context.
  • The Shar's ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.
  • AskImam.org bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.
  • This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of AskImam.org.
  • Any or all links provided in our emails, answers and articles are restricted to the specific material being cited. Such referencing should not be taken as an endorsement of other contents of that website.
The Messenger of Allah said, "When Allah wishes good for someone, He bestows upon him the understanding of Deen."
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]