Fatwa: # 18344
Category: Beliefs
Country: Pakistan
Date: 25th October 2009

Title

1. We as muslims believe that in the end we all go to heaven. And our Prophet (SAW) has promised us that. I have read a hadith where our Prophet (SAW) has...2. We Muslims believe in Allah being the sole Creator and the only worthiest of being worshipped...and that Prophet (SAW) is his last messenger. A person in the present world...3. A person who's asked to take up hijaab or pray five times a day...his reply is that we muslims will goto heaven anyway. How do we approach such kind of muslims.

Question

I recently found out this site and have learnt and implemented so many things in my normal rountine...May Allah bless you all for your endeavours. I wanted to be cleared about something, which  I've been asked and similarly told several times. But I need a satisfying answer to that as I am still confused.

1. We as muslims believe that in the end we all go to heaven. And our Prophet (SAW) has promised us that. I have read a hadith where our Prophet (SAW) has mentioned that the one who believes in Allah as the only Creator, this belief alone will take him to heaven. His companions and at one place He himself did not want this to be made public out of worry over the fact that the people would leave all righteous practices on the belief that they're destined to heaven already. What exactly was meant by the headith? Additionally whenever we read Quran, there are words announcing victory for 'those who believe and do the righteous deeds'...

2. We Muslims believe in Allah being the sole Creator and the only worthiest of being worshipped...and that Prophet (SAW) is his last messenger. A person in the present world who believes in the first part alone and somehow is not aware of the last part, say the Jews and Christians, or maybe not belonging to any religion yet believes in One Creator, will he be destined to heaven?

3. A person who's asked to take up hijaab or pray five times a day...his reply is that we muslims will goto heaven anyway. How do we approach such kind of muslims.

Answer

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatuh

1.       Sayyiduna Muadh رضي الله تعالى عنهnarrates that he was seated behind the Messenger of Allah on a conveyance. Nabi صلى الله عليه وسلمcalled out: O Muadh ibn Jabal! He responded: here I am at your service. For a second time Nabi صلى الله عليه وسلمcalled out: O Muadh! He responded: here I am at your service. For a third time Nabi صلى الله عليه وسلمcalled out: O Muadh! He responded: here I am at your service. Nabi صلى الله عليه وسلمthen mentioned: whoever sincerely testifies that there is no deity besides Allah, and that Muhammad is His messenger then the fire of hell will be forbidden on him. Sayyiduna Muadh رضي الله تعالى عنهasked: O Messenger of Allah should I not inform the people so that they may rejoice? Nabi صلى الله عليه وسلم replied: in that case they will rely only on this. Sayyiduna Muadh رضي الله تعالى عنهnarrated this at the time of his demise in order to free himself of sin. (Bukhari 128)

 

صحيح البخاري - (128)

 حدثنا إسحاق بن إبراهيم قال حدثنا معاذ بن هشام قال حدثني أبي عن قتادة قال حدثنا أنس بن مالك أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ومعاذ رديفه على الرحل قال يا معاذ بن جبل قال لبيك يا رسول الله وسعديك قال يا معاذ قال لبيك يا رسول الله وسعديك ثلاثا قال ما من أحد يشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وأن محمدا رسول الله صدقا من قلبه إلا حرمه الله على النار قال يا رسول الله أفلا أخبر به الناس فيستبشروا قال إذا يتكلوا وأخبر بها معاذ عند موته تأثما

 

The above narration means that whoever accepts iman sincerely will be free from hell fire. There are different interpretations to this narration. Some scholars mention that sincere imam is when a person’s actions are in conformity to iman. Therefore, if a person accepts iman and acts accordingly will not enter hell fire. This is also what is meant in the Noble Quran by those who believe and do righteous deeds. Another explanation is that this narration is regarding a person who whilst repenting to Allah Ta’ala recites this and thereafter passes away on this. A third explanation is that the fire will be forbidden on him is that he will not remain in the fire forever.

فتح الباري - ابن حجر - (ج 1 / ص 301)

قوله صدقا فيه احتراز عن شهادة المنافق وقوله من قلبه يمكن أن يتعلق بصدقا أي يشهد بلفظه ويصدق بقلبه ويمكن أن يتعلق بيشهد أي يشهد بقلبه والأول أولى وقال الطيبي قوله صدقا أقيم هنا مقام الاستقامة لأن الصدق يعبر به قولا عن مطابقة القول المخبر عنه ويعبر به فعلا عن تحري الأخلاق المرضية كقوله تعالى والذي جاء بالصدق وصدق به أي حقق ما أورده قولا بما تحراه فعلا انتهى وأراد بهذا التقرير رفع الاشكال عن ظاهر الخبر لأنه يقتضي عدم دخول جميع من شهد الشهادتين النار لما فيه من التعميم والتأكيد لكن دلت الأدلة القطعيه عند أهل السنة على أن طائفة من عصاة المؤمنين يعذبون ثم يخرجون من النار بالشفاعة فعلم أن ظاهرة غير مراد فكأنه قال أن ذلك مقيد بمن عمل الأعمال الصالحة قال ولأجل خفاء ذلك لم يؤذن لمعاذ في التبشير به وقد أجاب العلماء عن الاشكال أيضا بأجوبة أخرى منها أن مطلقة مقيد بمن قالها تائبا ثم مات على ذلك ومنها أن ذلك كان قبل نزول الفرائض وفيه نظر لأن مثل هذا الحديث وقع لأبي هريرة كما رواه مسلم وصحبته متأخرة عن نزول أكثر الفرائض وكذا ورد نحوه من حديث أبي موسى رواه أحمد بإسناد حسن وكان قدومه في السنة التي قدم فيها أبو هريرة ومنها أنه خرج مخرج الغالب إذ الغالب أن الموحد يعمل الطاعة ويجتنب المعصية ومنها أن المراد بتحريمه على النار تحريم خلوده فيها لا أصل دخولها ومنها أن المراد النار التي أعدت للكافرين لا الطبقة التي أفردت لعصاة الموحدين ومنها أن المراد بتحريمه على النار حرمة جملته لأن النار لا تأكل مواضع السجود من المسلم كما ثبت في حديث الشفاعة أن ذلك محرم عليها وكذا لسانه الناطق بالتوحيد والعلم عند الله تعالى

  1. In the present world it is highly farfetched that no one has heard about Islam or Muslims. Just as a person could know about Islam from a Muslim similarly he could also be informed from an enemy of Islam. With the current media attacks against Islam and Muslims most, if not all, people have heard about Islam and Nabi صلى الله عليه وسلم. It is therefore the duty of every person who hears about Nabi صلى الله عليه وسلمto find out more regarding him and his religion.

 

If in some remote part of the world there is someone who has not heard about Nabi صلى الله عليه وسلم he believes in the oneness of Allah Ta’ala then he shall not be punished.

 

معارف القران (ج 5 / ص 444) دار الكتاب

 

روح المعاني - (ج 8 / ص 41) علمية

وأما الإيمان بنبينا فليس بواجب على من لم تبلغه دعوته إذ ليس للعقل في ذلك مجال كما لا يخفى على ذي عقل بل قال حجة الإسلام الغزالي الناس بعد بعثته عليه الصلاة و السلام أصناف صنف لم تبلغهم دعوته ولم يسمعوا به أصلا فأولئك مقطوع لهم بالجنة وصنف بلغتهم دعوته وظهور المعجزة على يده وما كان عليه من الأخلاق العظيمة والصفات الكريمة ولم يؤمنوا به كالكفرة الذين بين ظهرانينا فأولئك مقطوع لهم بالنار وصنف بلغتهم دعوته عليه الصلاة و السلام وسمعوا به لكن كما يسمع أحدنا بالدجال وحاشا قدره الشريف على ذلك فهؤلاء أرجو لهم الجنة إذ لم يسمعوا ما يرغبهم في الإيمان به ا ه ولعل القطع بالجنة للأولين ورجاءها للآخرين إنما يكونان إذا كانوا مؤمنين بالله تعالى وأما إذا لم يكونوا كذلك فهم على الخلاف

 

 

  1. It is true that Muslims will go to heaven anyway. However, the issue is will he go to heaven straight away? This depends on his actions and the extent of him executing the orders of Allah Ta’ala. If he was successful in that and attained Allah Ta’ala’s pleasure, it is hoped he will enter paradise without going to hell. If he was relaxed in executing the orders of Allah Ta’ala, then there is much reason based on references in shariah that his entrance in paradise will be delayed. He may well have to endure punishment in hell for his complacency. One cannot simply be satisfied that one will go to heaven. An effort has to be made to stay away from hell as well. That is by being vigilant in fulfilling the dictates of iman. It is then hoped that Allah Ta’ala will favour us with immediate entrance in paradise. Insha-Allah. Ameen.

 

And Allah knows best

Wassalaamu `alaykum

Ml. Ishaq E. Moosa,
Student Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Iftaa

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