Fatwa: # 22890
Category: Marriage
Country: United States
Date: 31st October 2012


Who can perform Nikah?


Who can perform nikah? Can a family member? 


In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykumwa-rahmatullāhiwa-barakātuh.


A family member is permitted to perform the nikah.[1]


And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best


Checked and Concurred by,
Abdul Azīm bin AbdurRahman,

Ismail Desai.


[1] النكاح ينعقد بالإيجاب والقبول، بلفظين يعبر بهما عن الماضي، أو يعبر بأحدهما عن الماضي وبالآخر عن المستقبل، مثل أن يقول زوجني فيقول زوجتك.ولا ينقعد نكاح المسلمين إلا بحضور شاهدين حرين بالغين عاقلين مسلمين أو رجلٍ وامرأتين، عدولاً كانوا أو غير عدولٍ، أو محدودين في قذفٍ،

(اللباب في شرح الكتاب، ج3، ص3،  المكتبة العلمية)


النكاحينعقدبالإيجابوالقبولبلفظينيعبربهماعنالماضي " لأنالصيغةوإنكانتللإخباروضعافقدجعلتللإنشاءشرعادفعاللحاجة " وينعقدبلفظينيعبربأحدهماعنالماضيوبالآخرعنالمستقبلمثلأنيقولزوجنيفيقولزوجتك " لأنهذاتوكيلبالنكاحوالواحديتولىطرفيالنكاحعلىمانبينهإنشاءاللهتعالى

(الهداية في شرح بداية المبتدي، ج1، ص185،  دار احياء التراث العربي)

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