Fatwa: # 23692
Category: Misc. Fiqh
Country: United Kingdom
Date: 10th January 2013

Title

Is it permissible to sell dolls and toys?

Question

assalam alakum

is a muslim allowed to sell puppets dolls stuffed toys, objects with these features e.g. toy car with eyes on,  but dont play with them themselves, is their earning halal or haram?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Making dolls or toys having facial features is prohibited in Sharīʿah. Consider the following narrations:

عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ أَبِي الحَسَنِ، قَالَ: كُنْتُ عِنْدَ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا، إِذْ أَتَاهُ رَجُلٌ فَقَالَ: يَا أَبَا عَبَّاسٍ، إِنِّي إِنْسَانٌ إِنَّمَا مَعِيشَتِي مِنْ صَنْعَةِ يَدِي، وَإِنِّي أَصْنَعُ هَذِهِ التَّصَاوِيرَ، فَقَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ: لاَ أُحَدِّثُكَ إِلَّا مَا سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُولُ: سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ: «مَنْ صَوَّرَ صُورَةً، فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ مُعَذِّبُهُ حَتَّى يَنْفُخَ فِيهَا الرُّوحَ، وَلَيْسَ بِنَافِخٍ فِيهَا أَبَدًا» فَرَبَا الرَّجُلُ رَبْوَةً شَدِيدَةً، وَاصْفَرَّ وَجْهُهُ، فَقَالَ: وَيْحَكَ، إِنْ أَبَيْتَ إِلَّا أَنْ تَصْنَعَ، فَعَلَيْكَ بِهَذَا الشَّجَرِ، كُلِّ شَيْءٍ لَيْسَ فِيهِ رُوحٌ (صحيح البخارى، بابُ بَيْعِ التَّصاوِيرِ الَّتِي لَيْسَ فِيها رُوحٌ وَمَا يُكْرَهُ مِنْ ذَلِكَ)

Saeed bin Abī al-Hasan narrates, “I was with Ibn Abās Radhiyallāhu Anhumā when a man approached him and said, “O Ibn Abās, I earn my living through my own hands by manufacturing these pictures.” Ibn Abās Radhiyallāhu Anhumā replied, “I will only tell you what I heard Rasūlullāh Sallallāhu Alaihi Wa Sallam saying. Rasūlullāh Sallallāhu Alaihi Wa Sallam said, “The one who makes a picture, Allāh will punish him so long as he does not blow a soul in the picture he created. And the fact is that he will never be able to blow a soul into it.” The man was terrified and his face turned pale. Ibn Abās Radhiyallāhu Anhu told him, “If you have to manufacture pictures, then make trees and things that are lifeless.” (Sahīh al-Bukhārī)

 

عَبْدَ اللهِ بْنَ مَسْعُودٍ يَقُولُ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: «أَشَدُّ النَّاسِ عَذَابًا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ الْمُصَوِّرُونَ» (صحيح مسلم، بَابُ  تحريم تصوير صورة الحيوان، وتحريم اتخاذ ما فيه صورة ونحوه، وأن الْمَلَائِكَة لَا يدْخُلُون بَيْتًا فِيهِ صُورَةٌ وَلَا كَلْبٌ (

 

It is reported from Abdullāh bin Masood Radhiyallahu Anht that Rasūlullāh Sallallāhu Alaihi Wa Sallam said, “Those who create pictures will be most severely punished on the Day of Judgment.” (Sahīh Muslim)

 

Based on the severe warnings regarding pictures, a Muslim should not trade in dolls and toys having facial features.[1]      

Apart from the provided academic references, find below Fatāwā.of four renowned Muftis from our pious elders.   

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Abdul Azīm bin Abdur Rahman,
Student Darul Iftaa
U.S.A.

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 


[1]  ويدخل فيه فرس أو ثور من خزف لاستيناس الصبي لانه لا قيمة له، ولا يضمن متلفه (سكب الأنهر على هامش مجمع الأنهر، ج 3، ص 78، دار الكتب العلمية)

(اشْتَرَى ثَوْرًا أَوْ فَرَسًا مِنْ خَزَفٍ) لِأَجْلِ (اسْتِئْنَاسِ الصَّبِيِّ لَا يَصِحُّ وَ) لَا قِيمَةَ لَهُ فَ (لَا يَضْمَنُ مُتْلِفُهُ وَقِيلَ بِخِلَافِهِ) يَصِحُّ وَيَضْمَنُ قُنْيَةٌ وَفِي آخِرِ حَظْرِ الْمُجْتَبَى عَنْ أَبِي يُوسُفَ يَجُوزُ بَيْعُ اللُّعْبَةِ وَأَنْ يَلْعَبَ بِهَا الصِّبْيَانُ (الدر المختار، ج 5، ص 226، سعيد)

إمداد الأحكام، ج 3، ص 378، مكتبه دار العلوم كراتشى

فتاوى محمودية، ج 19، ص 503، فاروقية

محمود الفتاوى، ج 3، ص 19، مكتبه انور

فتاوى حقانية، ج 6، ص 54

 

 

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